Consumer Price Index

The Monthly Consumer Price Index (CPI) published by the Statistics Department is accepted as the official measure of inflation in Tonga. The CPI measures the changing price of a fixed basket of goods and services purchased by Tongan households. The selection and relative importance of the goods and services in the CPI basket represents the overall expenditure pattern of Tongan households.

The CPI is used by ministries and other agencies for monitoring economic performance and by the National Reserve Bank of Tonga to help set monetary policy.
The new index reference period of September 2018 (=100.0) was first published for the month of October 2018. Data from the Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES) 2015-2016 was used to determine the expenditure pattern of consumers. The classification used for publication will change to the COICOP classification. The proportion of expenditure on each item or group is referred to the weight. The previous reference period was October 2010 based on the results of HIES 2009.

There are 156 items in the Tonga basket classified to twelve major groups. The items are further classified by whether they are imported or have been produced locally. The CPI covers price changes in Tongatapu and Vava’u. The pricing outlets selected in Tongatapu and Vava’u include the Talamahu and ‘Utukalongalo market (agriculture produce), the Vuna Wharf (fresh fish), super-markets, village stores, petrol stations, restaurants, airlines etc.

TONGA
Table 1: Contribution to % change from previous month, All groups
December 2023 to January 2024
SDT:23-443
Group Local Imported Total
Food and non-alcoholic beverages -0.18% 0.07% -0.11%
Alcoholic beverages, tobacco and kava 0.00% 0.03% 0.03%
Clothing and footwear -0.01% -0.04% -0.05%
Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels 0.33% 0.04% 0.37%
Furnishings, household equipment and routine household maintenance 0.00% 0.02% 0.02%
Health 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Transport 0.00% -0.33% -0.33%
Communication 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Recreation and culture 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Education -0.04% 0.00% -0.04%
Restaurants and hotels 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Miscellaneous goods and services 0.00% 0.04% 0.04%
TOTAL 0.11% -0.19% -0.08%
Source: Tonga Statistics Department
(P): Provisional figures
Table 2: Contribution to % change from last year, All groups
January 2023 to January 2024
TONGA
SDT:23-443
Group Local Imported Total
Food and non-alcoholic beverages 3.28% 0.93% 4.21%
Alcoholic beverages, tobacco and kava 0.01% 0.26% 0.27%
Clothing and footwear -0.01% 0.09% 0.07%
Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels 0.23% 0.07% 0.30%
Furnishings, household equipment and routine household maintenance 0.03% 0.15% 0.18%
Health 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Transport 0.27% 0.60% 0.87%
Communication 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Recreation and culture 0.00% 0.07% 0.07%
Education -0.04% 0.00% -0.04%
Restaurants and hotels 0.35% 0.00% 0.35%
Miscellaneous goods and services 0.00% 0.17% 0.17%
TOTAL 4.11% 2.33% 6.45%
Source: Tonga Statistics Department
(P): Provisional figures
                                                                                                                             SDT:23-443
Table 1: Consumer Price Index by major groups
January 2024
(Base Period: September 2018=100.0)
Year/month   All items Food and non-alcoholic beverages Alcoholic beverages, tobacco and kava Clothing and footwear Housing, water, electricity and gas Furnishings, household equipment and household maintenance Health Transport Communication Recreation and culture Education Restaurants and hotels Miscellaneous goods and services
Weight   1 39.8% 11.6% 2.1% 10.8% 3.2% 0.3% 16.4% 5.2% 1.1% 2.2% 3.1% 4.2%
2023 January 120.6 127.0 102.8 115.7 131.3 110.6 119.7 121.1 102.3 103.6 114.3 127.2 114.9
February 121.8 130.4 102.4 115.0 131.3 111.2 119.7 120.2 102.3 103.6 114.3 127.2 116.5
March 122.9 132.5 103.3 113.7 131.4 111.8 119.7 120.9 102.3 103.6 114.3 127.2 116.8
April 122.2 132.0 103.4 114.3 125.9 111.5 119.7 120.3 102.3 103.6 114.3 133.1 116.5
May 123.6 134.5 103.1 119.5 127.0 111.5 119.7 120.0 102.3 111.4 114.3 140.8 116.1
June 125.7 137.1 103.2 123.9 128.0 113.4 119.7 124.9 102.3 111.4 114.3 140.8 115.9
July 124.9 136.0 104.0 124.4 125.7 113.5 119.7 123.4 102.3 111.4 114.3 140.8 116.3
August 123.9 132.6 104.4 124.2 125.1 115.7 119.7 125.0 102.3 111.4 114.3 140.8 116.4
September 124.4 132.3 104.4 124.4 123.6 116.7 119.7 129.1 102.3 111.4 114.3 140.8 117.9
October 127.8 137.3 105.6 123.1 127.8 116.6 119.7 134.1 102.3 111.4 114.3 140.8 118.4
November 125.7 132.1 105.8 123.1 128.4 116.5 119.7 133.3 102.3 111.4 114.3 140.8 118.4
December 128.5 140.2 105.4 123.1 130.3 116.6 119.7 130.1 102.3 111.4 114.3 140.8 118.4
2024 January 128.4 139.8 105.7 119.9 134.7 117.3 119.7 127.4 102.3 111.4 112.0 140.8 119.6
Percentage change between December 2023 and January 2024 -0.1 -0.3 0.3 -2.6 3.4 0.6 0.0 -2.0 0.0 0.0 -2.0 0.0 1.0
Percentage change between January 2023 and January 2024 6.4 10.1 2.8 3.6 2.5 6.0 0.0 5.3 0.0 7.6 -2.0 10.6 4.1
Source: Tonga Statistics Department
(P): Provisional figures
                SDT:23- 443
Table 2: Consumer Price Index and annual inflation rate
(Base Period: September 2018=100.0)
January 2024
 
Year/month Local Import All items Monthly change for all items (%) Annual inflation rate for period (%) Average index for year Average annual inflation rate (%)
2022 January 106.7 112.5 109.9 -0.3 8.2  
  February 110.7 113.2 112.1 2.0 9.1
  March 109.3 114.7 112.3 0.2 7.8
  April 110.2 117.7 114.3 1.8 9.4
  May 111.5 119.7 116.0 1.5 11.3
  June 112.1 121.1 117.1 0.9 11.2 110.3 8.5
  July 114.4 123.5 119.4 2.0 13.1
  August 116.9 123.2 120.4 0.9 13.8
  September 119.7 121.6 120.8 0.3 14.0
  October 120.1 120.6 120.4 -0.3 13.1
  November 119.0 120.5 119.8 -0.5 11.1
  December 120.1 120.7 120.4 0.5 9.2 116.9 10.9
2023 January 120.9 120.4 120.6 0.2 9.7
  February 122.2 121.5 121.8 1.0 8.7
  March 123.3 122.6 122.9 0.9 9.4
  April 121.3 122.9 122.2 -0.6 6.9
  May 123.6 123.6 123.6 1.2 6.6
  June 125.6 125.9 125.7 1.7 7.4 121.5 10.3
  July 123.9 125.8 124.9 -0.6 4.6
  August 121.4 125.9 123.9 -0.8 2.9
  September 121.2 126.9 124.4 0.4 3.0
  October 129.0 126.7 127.8 2.7 6.1
  November 124.6 126.5 125.7 -1.6 4.9
  December 131.6 125.9 128.5 2.3 6.7 124.3 6.4
2024 January 131.9 125.5 128.4 -0.1 6.4 125.0 6.1
Source: Tonga Statistics Department
(P): Provisional figures
TONGA
SDT:23-443
Table 3: Consumer Price Index with local and imported components
Percentage change from previous month
(Base Period: September 2018=100.0)
January 2024
Weights December 2023 January 2024 % Change
Local Imported Total Local Imported Total Local Imported Total Local Imported Total
A. Food and non-alcoholic beverages 15.2% 24.6% 39.8% 166.5 123.9 140.2 165.0 124.2 139.8 -0.9% 0.3% -0.3%
  Food 14.6% 23.2% 37.8% 169.0 124.6 141.7 167.5 125.6 141.8 -0.9% 0.8% 0.0%
  Non- alcoholic beverages 0.6% 1.4% 2.0% 107.7 111.7 110.5 107.7 99.9 102.3 0.0% -10.6% -7.3%
B. Alcoholic beverages, tobacco and kava 6.7% 4.9% 11.6% 94.8 120.0 105.4 94.8 120.7 105.7 0.0% 0.6% 0.3%
  Alcoholic beverages 0.9% 3.2% 4.1% 114.3 116.5 116.0 114.3 117.5 116.8 0.0% 0.9% 0.7%
  Tobacco 4.1% 1.7% 5.8% 109.7 126.7 114.6 109.7 126.7 114.6 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
  Kava 1.7% 0.0% 1.7% 50.0 0.0 50.0 50.0 0.0 50.0 0.0% 0.0%
C. Clothing and footwear 0.4% 1.7% 2.1% 118.9 123.9 123.1 114.0 121.1 119.9 -4.1% -2.2% -2.6%
  Clothing 0.4% 1.5% 1.8% 118.9 123.8 122.8 114.0 120.5 119.2 -4.1% -2.6% -2.9%
  Footwear 0.0% 0.3% 0.3% 0.0 124.6 124.6 0.0 124.6 124.6 0.0% 0.0%
D. Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels 7.2% 3.6% 10.8% 119.7 151.6 130.3 125.6 152.8 134.7 5.0% 0.8% 3.4%
  Maintenance and repair of the dwelling 0.2% 1.8% 2.0% 175.8 202.0 199.0 175.8 204.5 201.3 0.0% 1.3% 1.1%
  Water supply and miscellaneous services relating to the dwelling 2.0% 0.0% 2.0% 108.1 0.0 108.1 108.1 0.0 108.1 0.0% 0.0%
  Electricity, gas and other fuels 5.0% 1.8% 6.8% 121.9 103.3 116.9 130.5 103.3 123.2 7.1% 0.0% 5.4%
E. Furnishings, household equipment and routine household maintenance 0.8% 2.4% 3.2% 111.8 118.4 116.6 111.8 119.3 117.3 0.0% 0.8% 0.6%
  Furniture and furnishings, carpets and other floor coverings 0.5% 0.0% 0.5% 117.6 0.0 117.6 117.6 0.0 117.6 0.0% 0.0%
  Household appliances 0.0% 0.7% 0.7% 0.0 105.1 105.1 0.0 105.1 105.1 0.0% 0.0%
  Tools and equipment for house and garden 0.0% 0.2% 0.2% 0.0 115.6 115.6 0.0 115.6 115.6 0.0% 0.0%
  Goods and services for routine household maintenance 0.3% 1.5% 1.8% 102.3 124.7 120.8 102.3 126.2 121.9 0.0% 1.1% 1.0%
F. Health 0.2% 0.2% 0.3% 141.4 100.0 119.7 141.4 100.0 119.7 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
  Medical products, appliances and equipment 0.0% 0.2% 0.2% 0.0 100.0 100.0 0.0 100.0 100.0 0.0% 0.0%
  Outpatient services 0.2% 0.0% 0.2% 141.4 0.0 141.4 141.4 0.0 141.4 0.0% 0.0%
G. Transport 3.4% 13.0% 16.4% 131.6 129.7 130.1 131.6 126.4 127.4 0.0% -2.6% -2.0%
  Operation of personal transport equipment 1.3% 9.9% 11.2% 122.2 125.7 125.3 122.2 121.4 121.4 0.0% -3.5% -3.1%
  Transport services 2.2% 3.1% 5.3% 137.0 142.4 140.2 137.0 142.4 140.2 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
H. Communication 5.2% 0.0% 5.2% 102.3 0.0 102.3 102.3 0.0 102.3 0.0% 0.0%
  Telephone and telefax services 5.2% 0.0% 5.2% 102.3 0.0 102.3 102.3 0.0 102.3 0.0% 0.0%
I. Recreation and culture 0.0% 1.1% 1.1% 0.0 111.4 111.4 0.0 111.4 111.4 0.0% 0.0%
  Newspapers, books and stationery 0.0% 1.1% 1.1% 0.0 111.4 111.4 0.0 111.4 111.4 0.0% 0.0%
J. Education 2.2% 0.0% 2.2% 114.3 0.0 114.3 112.0 0.0 112.0 -2.0% -2.0%
  Pre-primary and primary education 0.3% 0.0% 0.3% 100.1 0.0 100.1 100.1 0.0 100.1 0.0% 0.0%
  Secondary education 1.1% 0.0% 1.1% 126.4 0.0 126.4 126.4 0.0 126.4 0.0% 0.0%
  Tertiary education 0.8% 0.0% 0.8% 103.9 0.0 103.9 97.3 0.0 97.3 -6.4% -6.4%
K. Restaurants and hotels 3.1% 0.0% 3.1% 140.8 0.0 140.8 140.8 0.0 140.8 0.0% 0.0%
  Catering services 3.1% 0.0% 3.1% 140.8 0.0 140.8 140.8 0.0 140.8 0.0% 0.0%
L. Miscellaneous goods and services 0.5% 3.7% 4.2% 103.3 120.5 118.4 103.3 121.8 119.6 0.0% 1.1% 1.0%
  Personal care 0.0% 3.7% 3.7% 0.0 120.5 120.5 0.0 121.8 121.8 1.1% 1.1%
  Financial services n.e.c. 0.1% 0.0% 0.1% 100.0 0.0 100.0 100.0 0.0 100.0 0.0% 0.0%
  Other Services n.e.c. 0.4% 0.0% 0.4% 104.2 0.0 104.2 104.2 0.0 104.2 0.0% 0.0%
TOTAL 44.9% 55.1% 100% 131.6 125.9 128.5 131.9 125.5 128.4 0.2% -0.4% 2.3%
Source: Tonga Statistics Department
(P): Provisional figures
TONGA
SDT:23-443
Table 6: Consumer Price Index with local and imported components
Percentage change from same month of previous year
(Base Period: September 2018=100.0)
January 2024
  Weights January 2023 January 2024 % Change
  Local Imported Total Local Imported Total Local Imported Total Local Imported Total
A. Food and non-alcoholic beverages 15.2% 24.6% 39.8% 139.0 119.6 127.0 165.0 124.2 139.8 18.7 3.8 10.1
  Food 14.6% 23.2% 37.8% 140.7 120.5 128.3 167.5 125.6 141.8 19.0 4.3 10.5
  Non- alcoholic beverages 0.6% 1.4% 2.0% 100.0 104.6 103.1 107.7 99.9 102.3 7.7 -4.5 -0.8
B. Alcoholic beverages, tobacco and kava 6.7% 4.9% 11.6% 94.5 114.3 102.8 94.8 120.7 105.7 0.3 5.6 2.8
  Alcoholic beverages 0.9% 3.2% 4.1% 111.4 110.4 110.6 114.3 117.5 116.8 2.6 6.5 5.6
  Tobacco 4.1% 1.7% 5.8% 110.8 121.7 113.9 109.7 126.7 114.6 -1.0 4.1 0.6
  Kava 1.7% 0.0% 1.7% 48.0 0.0 48.0 50.0 0.0 50.0 4.1 4.1
C. Clothing and footwear 0.4% 1.7% 2.1% 118.9 115.1 115.7 114.0 121.1 119.9 -4.1 5.3 3.6
  Clothing 0.4% 1.5% 1.8% 118.9 115.4 116.1 114.0 120.5 119.2 -4.1 4.4 2.7
  Footwear 0.0% 0.3% 0.3% 0.0 113.2 113.2 0.0 124.6 124.6 10.0 10.0
D. Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels 7.2% 3.6% 10.8% 121.8 150.5 131.3 125.6 152.8 134.7 3.1 1.6 2.5
  Maintenance and repair of the dwelling 0.2% 1.8% 2.0% 169.6 198.2 195.0 175.8 204.5 201.3 3.6 3.2 3.2
  Water supply and miscellaneous services relating to the dwelling 2.0% 0.0% 2.0% 108.1 0.0 108.1 108.1 0.0 108.1 0.0 0.0
  Electricity, gas and other fuels 5.0% 1.8% 6.8% 125.3 104.8 119.8 130.5 103.3 123.2 4.2 -1.4 2.9
E. Furnishings, household equipment and routine household maintenance 0.8% 2.4% 3.2% 108.1 111.6 110.6 111.8 119.3 117.3 3.4 6.9 6.0
  Furniture and furnishings, carpets and other floor coverings 0.5% 0.0% 0.5% 111.6 0.0 111.6 117.6 0.0 117.6 5.4 5.4
  Household appliances 0.0% 0.7% 0.7% 0.0 101.2 101.2 0.0 105.1 105.1 3.9 3.9
  Tools and equipment for house and garden 0.0% 0.2% 0.2% 0.0 112.6 112.6 0.0 115.6 115.6 2.7 2.7
  Goods and services for routine household maintenance 0.3% 1.5% 1.8% 102.3 116.2 113.7 102.3 126.2 121.9 0.0 8.6 7.2
F. Health 0.2% 0.2% 0.3% 141.4 100.0 119.7 141.4 100.0 119.7 0.0 0.0 0.0
  Medical products, appliances and equipment 0.0% 0.2% 0.2% 0.0 100.0 100.0 0.0 100.0 100.0 0.0 0.0
  Outpatient services 0.2% 0.0% 0.2% 141.4 0.0 141.4 141.4 0.0 141.4 0.0 0.0
G. Transport 3.4% 13.0% 16.4% 122.0 120.8 121.1 131.6 126.4 127.4 7.8 4.6 5.3
  Operation of personal transport equipment 1.3% 9.9% 11.2% 105.4 124.1 122.0 122.2 121.4 121.4 16.0 -2.2 -0.4
  Transport services 2.2% 3.1% 5.3% 131.8 110.2 119.1 137.0 142.4 140.2 4.0 29.2 17.7
H. Communication 5.2% 0.0% 5.2% 102.3 0.0 102.3 102.3 0.0 102.3 0.0 0.0
  Telephone and telefax services 5.2% 0.0% 5.2% 102.3 0.0 102.3 102.3 0.0 102.3 0.0 0.0
I. Recreation and culture 0.0% 1.1% 1.1% 0.0 103.6 103.6 0.0 111.4 111.4 7.6 7.6
  Newspapers, books and stationery 0.0% 1.1% 1.1% 0.0 103.6 103.6 0.0 111.4 111.4 7.6 7.6
J. Education 2.2% 0.0% 2.2% 114.3 0.0 114.3 112.0 0.0 112.0 -2.0 -2.0
  Pre-primary and primary education 0.3% 0.0% 0.3% 100.1 0.0 100.1 100.1 0.0 100.1 0.0 0.0
  Secondary education 1.1% 0.0% 1.1% 126.4 0.0 126.4 126.4 0.0 126.4 0.0 0.0
  Tertiary education 0.8% 0.0% 0.8% 103.9 0.0 103.9 97.3 0.0 97.3 -6.4 -6.4
K. Restaurants and hotels 3.1% 0.0% 3.1% 127.2 0.0 127.2 140.8 0.0 140.8 10.6 10.6
  Catering services 3.1% 0.0% 3.1% 127.2 0.0 127.2 140.8 0.0 140.8 10.6 10.6
L. Miscellaneous goods and services 0.5% 3.7% 4.2% 103.3 116.4 114.9 103.3 121.8 119.6 0.0 4.6 4.1
  Personal care 0.0% 3.7% 3.7% 0.0 116.4 116.4 0.0 121.8 121.8 4.6 4.6
  Financial services n.e.c. 0.1% 0.0% 0.1% 100.0 0.0 100.0 100.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 0.0
  Other Services n.e.c. 0.4% 0.0% 0.4% 104.2 0.0 104.2 104.2 0.0 104.2 0.0 0.0
TOTAL 44.9% 55.1% 100% 120.9 120.4 120.6 131.9 125.5 128.4 9.1 4.2 6.4
Source: Tonga Statistics Department
(P): Provisional figures
Table 7: Conusumer Price Index: Groups and subgroups – index number
(Base period: September 2018 = 100)
January 2024
TONGA
SDT:23-443
Groups Annual Monthly
2021 2022 2023 Jan 23 Feb 23 Mar 23 Apr 23 May 23 Jun 23 Jul 23 Aug 23 Sep 23 Oct 23 Nov 23 Dec 23 Jan 24
A. Food and non-alcoholic beverages 110.2 121.1 133.7 127.0 130.4 132.5 132.0 134.5 137.1 136.0 132.6 132.3 137.3 132.1 140.2 139.8
  Food 110.7 122.0 135.0 128.3 131.8 134.0 133.2 135.7 138.5 137.4 133.8 133.4 138.7 133.2 141.7 141.8
  Non- alcoholic beverages 100.8 103.1 108.5 103.1 103.9 103.9 108.6 111.0 109.7 109.7 110.4 110.4 109.8 110.5 110.5 102.3
B. Alcoholic beverages, tobacco and kava 99.9 101.7 104.0 102.8 102.4 103.3 103.4 103.1 103.2 104.0 104.4 104.4 105.6 105.8 105.4 105.7
  Alcoholic beverages 105.3 108.9 113.4 110.6 111.3 113.2 113.2 112.5 112.4 113.2 113.9 113.9 114.9 116.0 116.0 116.8
  Tobacco 112.4 113.3 114.9 113.9 113.9 114.3 114.5 114.5 114.8 115.8 116.0 116.0 115.5 115.5 114.6 114.6
  Kava 46.1 46.1 45.7 48.0 43.7 43.7 43.7 43.7 43.7 43.7 43.7 43.7 51.5 50.0 50.0 50.0
C. Clothing and footwear 113.7 115.0 120.4 115.7 115.0 113.7 114.3 119.5 123.9 124.4 124.2 124.4 123.1 123.1 123.1 119.9
  Clothing 114.6 115.8 120.3 116.1 115.3 113.8 113.8 118.9 124.0 124.5 124.5 124.5 122.8 122.8 122.8 119.2
  Footwear 107.1 110.0 120.7 113.2 113.2 113.2 117.8 123.5 123.5 123.5 122.7 123.7 124.6 124.6 124.6 124.6
D. Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels 100.7 128.2 128.0 131.3 131.3 131.4 125.9 127.0 128.0 125.7 125.1 123.6 127.8 128.4 130.3 134.7
  Maintenance and repair of the dwelling 113.4 158.1 198.7 195.0 195.0 195.3 195.3 201.1 206.3 206.0 202.3 199.9 192.8 196.3 199.0 201.3
  Water supply and miscellaneous services relating to the dwelling 108.1 108.1 108.1 108.1 108.1 108.1 108.1 108.1 108.1 108.1 108.1 108.1 108.1 108.1 108.1 108.1
  Electricity, gas and other fuels 94.8 125.5 113.3 119.8 119.8 119.8 111.0 111.0 111.2 107.5 107.6 106.0 114.7 114.7 116.9 123.2
E. Furnishings, household equipment and routine household maintenance 104.5 109.0 113.8 110.6 111.2 111.8 111.5 111.5 113.4 113.5 115.7 116.7 116.6 116.5 116.6 117.3
  Furniture and furnishings, carpets and other floor coverings 110.3 111.6 114.1 111.6 111.6 111.6 111.6 111.6 111.6 111.6 117.6 117.6 117.6 117.6 117.6 117.6
  Household appliances 97.6 100.3 102.8 101.2 101.2 101.2 101.2 101.2 101.2 101.2 105.1 105.1 105.1 105.1 105.1 105.1
  Tools and equipment for house and garden 106.3 108.9 114.4 112.6 112.6 112.6 112.6 112.6 115.6 115.6 115.6 115.6 115.6 115.6 115.6 115.6
  Goods and services for routine household maintenance 105.2 111.6 117.8 113.7 114.7 115.7 115.2 115.3 118.3 118.5 119.2 120.9 120.7 120.6 120.8 121.9
F. Health 100.0 107.4 119.7 119.7 119.7 119.7 119.7 119.7 119.7 119.7 119.7 119.7 119.7 119.7 119.7 119.7
  Medical products, appliances and equipment 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
  Outpatient services 100.0 115.7 141.4 141.4 141.4 141.4 141.4 141.4 141.4 141.4 141.4 141.4 141.4 141.4 141.4 141.4
G. Transport 101.1 120.6 125.2 121.1 120.2 120.9 120.3 120.0 124.9 123.4 125.0 129.1 134.1 133.3 130.1 127.4
  Operation of personal transport equipment 100.5 126.6 122.9 122.0 120.8 121.8 120.9 120.5 119.5 117.3 119.6 125.6 131.2 130.1 125.3 121.4
  Transport services 102.4 107.8 130.2 119.1 119.1 119.1 119.1 119.1 136.6 136.6 136.6 136.6 140.2 140.2 140.2 140.2
H. Communication 99.9 100.5 102.3 102.3 102.3 102.3 102.3 102.3 102.3 102.3 102.3 102.3 102.3 102.3 102.3 102.3
  Telephone and telefax services 99.9 100.5 102.3 102.3 102.3 102.3 102.3 102.3 102.3 102.3 102.3 102.3 102.3 102.3 102.3 102.3
I. Recreation and culture 103.6 103.6 108.8 103.6 103.6 103.6 103.6 111.4 111.4 111.4 111.4 111.4 111.4 111.4 111.4 111.4
  Newspapers, books and stationery 103.6 103.6 108.8 103.6 103.6 103.6 103.6 111.4 111.4 111.4 111.4 111.4 111.4 111.4 111.4 111.4
J. Education 104.8 104.8 114.3 114.3 114.3 114.3 114.3 114.3 114.3 114.3 114.3 114.3 114.3 114.3 114.3 112.0
  Pre-primary and primary education 100.1 100.1 100.1 100.1 100.1 100.1 100.1 100.1 100.1 100.1 100.1 100.1 100.1 100.1 100.1 100.1
  Secondary education 107.0 107.0 126.4 126.4 126.4 126.4 126.4 126.4 126.4 126.4 126.4 126.4 126.4 126.4 126.4 126.4
  Tertiary education 103.9 103.9 103.9 103.9 103.9 103.9 103.9 103.9 103.9 103.9 103.9 103.9 103.9 103.9 103.9 97.3
K. Restaurants and hotels 109.5 118.6 136.7 127.2 127.2 127.2 133.1 140.8 140.8 140.8 140.8 140.8 140.8 140.8 140.8 140.8
  Catering services 109.5 118.6 136.7 127.2 127.2 127.2 133.1 140.8 140.8 140.8 140.8 140.8 140.8 140.8 140.8 140.8
L. Miscellaneous goods and services 104.2 112.0 116.9 114.9 116.5 116.8 116.5 116.1 115.9 116.3 116.4 117.9 118.4 118.4 118.4 119.6
  Personal care 104.3 113.1 118.7 116.4 118.3 118.6 118.3 117.8 117.5 118.0 118.1 119.8 120.5 120.5 120.5 121.8
  Financial services n.e.c. 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
  Other Services n.e.c. 104.2 104.2 104.2 104.2 104.2 104.2 104.2 104.2 104.2 104.2 104.2 104.2 104.2 104.2 104.2 104.2
ALL GROUPS 105.4 116.9 124.3 120.6 121.8 122.9 122.2 123.6 125.7 124.9 123.9 124.4 127.8 125.7 128.5 128.4
Source: Tonga Statistics Department
(P): Provisional figures
TONGA
Table 6: Monthly average price of selected local items SDT:23-443
(Base period: September 2018 = 100)
January 2024
          Unit                            
    2021 2022 2023 Jan 23 Feb 23 Mar 23 Apr 23 May 23 Jun 23 Jul 23 Aug 23 Sep 23 Oct 23 Nov 23 Dec 23 Jan 24
ROOT CROPS
1 Talo – Futuna 1 kg 1.75 2.08 2.19 2.04 2.05 2.37 2.02 2.09 2.32 2.09 2.16 2.16 2.28 2.28 2.46 2.89
2 Talo – Tonga 1kg 1.62 2.06 2.68 2.98 2.50 2.00 2.11 2.37 2.18 2.73 2.77 2.87 3.01 2.91 3.71 2.92
3 Manioke 1 kg 0.87 0.86 0.99 0.80 0.74 0.97 0.76 0.82 0.79 0.96 0.99 1.11 1.16 1.12 1.62 1.53
4 Kumala 1 kg 1.93 2.41 2.74 2.15 2.29 2.58 2.32 2.55 3.35 3.13 2.75 2.78 3.20 2.64 3.16 2.69
5 Yams; early 1 kg 6.63 13.31 16.37 14.42 12.74 8.75 10.67 15.99 18.46 20.29 21.05 17.04 22.05 13.41 21.60 15.78
6 Yams, late 1 kg 3.47 4.32 6.87 4.72 4.83 4.82 4.79 4.70 4.93 4.98 4.98 9.04 12.70 9.30 12.62 12.62
VEGETABLES
1 Lu 1 kg 5.57 7.94 8.06 6.61 15.38 5.54 5.43 5.31 5.35 6.07 6.86 5.80 17.07 8.86 8.49 7.96
2 Tomatoes 1 kg 11.60 11.34 14.03 15.68 16.47 22.88 22.62 24.32 19.18 13.21 5.94 6.02 5.48 7.68 8.81 10.31
3 H/Cabbage 1 kg 3.50 4.06 5.64 4.17 4.29 10.92 9.53 5.02 6.71 4.58 2.18 2.94 4.25 5.78 7.24 5.75
4 Carrots 1 kg 4.73 4.76 5.05 4.77 4.85 4.85 4.85 4.85 4.85 4.85 4.85 4.85 6.08 5.99 4.95 4.69
5 Capsicum 1 kg 14.60 22.20 23.70 12.24 14.72 37.06 31.24 32.24 42.63 34.48 21.46 17.89 13.24 14.69 12.47 8.36
MARINE AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS
1 Sausages 1 kg 8.85 9.27 10.50 9.93 11.04 11.04 11.11 11.11 10.93 10.79 10.79 10.93 10.29 10.07 8.00 7.67
2 Eggs 1 egg 19.31 23.45 27.95 27.47 27.97 26.63 26.63 27.13 28.20 28.40 28.90 28.90 28.40 28.40 28.40 28.98
3 Tuna 1 kg 18.90 21.92 21.83 25.00 19.00 19.00 21.76 20.00 22.00 22.00 22.00 22.25 23.00 23.00 23.00 23.00
4 Octopus 1 kg 24.20 25.92 31.21 45.36 33.17 27.57 23.47 23.74 30.04 27.29 26.31 25.61 27.59 31.82 52.58 42.53
5 Cockles (to’o) 1 kg 6.81 8.05 9.10 8.80 9.84 7.99 8.23 9.61 10.11 10.15 9.98 8.48 7.69 7.43 10.88 8.76
6 Stringed fish (Mixed) 1 kg 10.00 12.22 15.33 13.74 14.00 14.59 14.33 14.00 14.79 15.31 15.12 15.59 16.49 18.00 18.00 18.00
TOBACCO, ALCOHOL AND KAVA
1 Kava 1 kg 56.67 56.88 55.83 60.00 52.50 52.50 52.50 52.50 52.50 52.50 52.50 52.50 65.00 62.50 62.50 62.50
Source: Tonga Statistics Department
(P): Provisional figures
TONGA
Table 7: Monthly average price of selected imported items SDT:23-443
(Base period: September 2018 = 100)
January 2024
                                        Annual change %
    Unit 2021 2022 2023 Jan 23 Feb 23 Mar 23 Apr 23 May 23 Jun 23 Jul 23 Aug 23 Sept 23 Oct 23 Nov 23 Dec 23 Jan 24
FOOD 
Fruits and Vegetables
1 Onions 1 kg 2.92 3.20 3.91 3.47 4.28 4.31 4.31 4.12 3.83 3.79 3.71 3.71 3.59 3.81 3.96 4.27 23.0%
2 Apples 1 kg 5.93 6.30 5.94 6.28 6.33 6.51 6.91 5.88 6.51 6.13 5.31 5.32 5.37 5.37 5.37 6.43 2.4%
3 Oranges 1 kg 8.20 9.43 8.98 9.25 9.22 9.60 9.41 9.07 10.42 9.49 9.44 9.33 7.50 7.50 7.50 8.93 -3.5%
Meats, Fish & Poultry
1 Mutton Flaps 1 kg 17.11 17.10 16.80 16.82 16.82 16.83 16.95 16.97 16.96 16.88 16.88 16.86 16.68 16.52 16.46 16.15 -4.0%
2 Chicken Legs 1 kg 3.95 4.85 5.12 4.52 4.72 5.04 5.12 5.27 5.46 5.48 5.33 5.24 5.11 5.08 5.04 5.06 12.0%
3 Turkey tail 1 kg 12.28 13.42 11.71 12.72 12.35 12.51 12.51 12.34 12.12 12.41 11.42 11.42 10.12 10.29 10.29 11.11 -12.7%
Other Food
1 Flour 1 kg 1.95 2.16 2.65 2.38 2.59 2.63 2.63 2.72 2.66 2.73 2.75 2.69 2.66 2.69 2.71 2.71 12.8%
2 Sugar 1 kg 2.30 2.44 2.91 2.38 2.56 2.62 2.71 2.82 2.98 3.37 3.19 3.21 3.03 3.01 3.08 3.04 30.1%
TOBACCO, ALCOHOL AND KAVA
Tobacco
1 Pall Mall  Packet 23.11 23.23 23.88 23.29 23.29 23.29 23.43 23.43 23.57 24.29 24.43 24.43 24.43 24.43 24.29 24.29 4.3%
TRANSPORTATION
Private Transportation
1 Petrol litre 2.92 3.67 3.54 3.47 3.45 3.53 3.53 3.54 3.48 3.39 3.45 3.62 3.77 3.72 3.58 3.48 1.1%
2 Diesel litre 2.83 3.93 3.68 3.93 3.79 3.72 3.61 3.53 3.42 3.33 3.43 3.71 3.98 3.99 3.79 3.59 -9.3%

CPI January Table Summary 2024

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CPI Jan-24-Tables

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Consumer Price index Report from 2010 to 2023

 

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