The migration reports produced by the Statistics Department as the main reference on volume of overseas visitors, cruise ship passengers, yacht passengers and residents movement to and from the Kingdom of Tonga. The bulletin presents information relating to number of arrivals and departures by port, passenger type, transport mode, country of citizen, purpose of travel, type of passengers, country of usual residence, and country visited.
Total International Arrivals and Departures 2004-2021
The table shows the total arrivals or person arrived in the kingdom with the highest point in 2019 with 136,059. The largest increase in arrivals occurred from 2007 to 2008 with 21% followed 2015 to 2016 with 19%. Similarly, the total departures or persons leaving Tonga in 2019 (139,527). The year 2020 to 2021 shows the highest decline with 92.5 percent and as well as departures with a decline of 85.9 percent and this was the covid-19 pandemic impacting on migration.
Visitors Arrivals by Purpose of Visit 2021
Total International Arrivals & Departures 2011 – 2021
The graph illustrates the total arrivals and departures to and from the Kingdom of Tonga for the years 2011 to 2021. The above graph shows a fluctuated trend from 2010 to 2013. However, negative net migration continues until 2017, arrivals slightly higher than departures. Year 2018 and 2019 shows that there were more people departed the Kingdom than arrivals. There was a very sharp decline from 2019 to 2020 and to 2021 and this was mainly due to the COVID – 19 Pandemic. There were travel restrictions and some countries continue to close their borders entirely.